About: Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) – World Heritage Monument

Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) - A World Heritage Monument (Mumbai, India)

Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus building has been inscribed upon the world heritage list of the convention concerning the protection of the world culture and natural heritage inscription on this list confirms the exceptional universal value of a cultural or natural site which deserves protection for the benefit of all humanity.

The construction of this building, owned by the Great Indian Peninsula Railway, began in May 1878 and was completed in May 1888. Wilson Bell was the Chief Engineer and Fredric William Stevens was the Consulting Architect. The building was given the name of Victoria Terminus in 1887 during Queen’s Golden Jubilee Celebrations. Later, it was renamed as Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus in March 1996 in memory of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, the great Maratha Warrior King. In June 2017 it was renamed again as Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus.

Today this grand building stands out majestically and is an important hub of activities, catering to the needs of millions of commuters in the metropolis.

(source: display board)

Kunt Bhayo Lake – The Biggest Pond in Rewalsar

Kunt Bhayo Lake – Rewalsar are seven ponds called “Sar” and the biggest has been named as “Kunt Bhayo.” Legend prevails that Pandwas during their sojourn in the Himalayas shot an arrow into the earth and water ponds appeared to quench the thirst of their mother ‘Kunti’.

(source: display board)

Brief History of Red Fort (Qila-i-Mubarak)

The Red Fort (28° 39′21″ N 77° 14′25″ E) is a 17th-century fort complex constructed by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in the walled city of Old Delhi. It served as the capital of the Mughals until 1857 when Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar was exiled by the British Indian government. During the British period, the Fort was mainly used as a cantonment and even after Independence, a significant part of the Fort remained under the control of the Indian Army until the year 2003.

Mughal Emperor Shahjahan started construction of this massive fort in 1639 and work was completed in 1648 (almost 10 years). The Red Fort was originally referred to as “Qila-i-Mubarak” (the blessed fort) because it was the residence of the royal family. The planning and aesthetics of the Red Fort represent the zenith of Mughal creativity which prevailed during the reign of Emperor Shah Jahan.

Red Fort showcases the very high level of art form and ornamental work. The artwork in the Fort is a synthesis of Persian, European, and Indian art which resulted in the development of unique Shahjahani style which is very rich in form, expression, and colour. It is relevant as a symbol of architectural brilliance and power.

The walls of the fort are smoothly dressed, articulated by heavy string courses along the upper section. They open at two major gates, the Delhi and the Lahore gates. The Lahore Gate is the main entrance; it leads to a long-covered bazaar street, the Chatta Chowk. Red Fort is Octagonal in plan, with two longer sides on the east and west, covering a perimeter of 2.41 km and rising to a height of 33 m on the town side & 18 m along the river. The Palaces lies along eastern side. The available main buildings are Naubat Khana, Diwan-i-Am, Diwan-i-khas, Moti Masjid, Rang Mahal, Hammam, Sawan-Bhado etc.

The Site was declared as the World Heritage site in 2007 under the World heritage convention criteria (ii), (iii), and (iv).

(source: display board inside Red Fort, Delhi)

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