Historical Importance of Bhima Devi Temple, Pinjore

Historical Importance of Bhima Devi Temple (Pinjore, Haryana, India)

Situated on the foot hills of beautiful Shivalik Hills, the town Pinjore was popularly known as Panchpura and Bhima Nagar in the ancient time. Traditionally, this site is connected with Pandavas and it is believed that they stayed here during their exile. Panchupura has also been mentioned in the Hansi Stone Inscription of Pirthviraja-II of Vikrama Samvat 1224 (A.D. 1165). Alberuni and Alexander Cunningham refer the name of Pinjore in their records. The name Bhima Nagar, however, may have been known after a temple was constructed here.

Taking into consideration the archaeological importance of the site of Bhima Devi Temple. The Department of Archaeology and Museums Haryana took this site under state protection in 1974. As a result of the scientific clearance of this site magnificent panchayatan temples have came to light. On the basis of the available sculptures, architectural members and inscriptions, it is presumed that this temple was constructed during the 10-11th Century A.D. A few stone inscriptions found from the site record the name of Sri Ramadeva. Possible this Rama or Rambhadra was the same who afforded tough resistance to Mahmud of Gazni on the bank of Satluj in 10th Century A.D. Ultimately, Mahmud Gazni defeated Rama and entire area between the Shivalik Mountains was extensively destroyed.
Three plinths of the Panchayatan style of temple were the example of architecture of those days found elsewhere in country, the sculptures of Gods and Goddesses of Hindu Pantheon like Varaha, Surya, Brahma, Bhadramukha, Uma, Krishana etc. are beautiful examples of Gurjar Prathihara Art. Musicians and floral animal motifs have also been found. The architectural and sculptural remains from this site lead us to form an idea that this temple was contemporary to The Khajuraho Temple and remind us of great art of medieval times of India during the 10-11th Century A.D.