Gaya tirth was earlier also known as Magadh desh. The King of Magadh was Jarasandh but the story is from Satyug.
In Gaya there was a demon named Gaya sur – son of Tripura sur. Kolahal mountain is on the southern side of Gaya where Gaya sur was meditating for 10,000 years. Because of meditation his body become so pure that anybody just by touching it immediate reach heaven. Due to this there was worry among Devtas. Devtas think if a demon becomes so famous and powerful on earth then nobody will think about them and worship them. They will be lesser known or not known in days to come. To solve this issue all the devtas visited Lord Vishnu and narrated their worries and requested to solve.
Lord Vishnu said: Let me call Gaya sur to know what he want to end his meditation.
Gaya sur upon request arrived and said: Lord, I need three wishes to be fulfilled by you then only I will stop meditation.
Lord question – What are those three wishes?
1. The location of meditation and nearby area to be known as Gaya.
2. Whoever die his burning should be done here nearby Falgu river.
(It is said during that time there was no burning procedure and people just drop dead body into Falgu river)
3. Whoever die for Moksha Pind Daan should be done here in Gaya.
Lord granted allÂ his wishes and said: Gayasur your body is utmost pure. I want to do Yagya on it. Gayasur was ready.
On Yagya day Gayasur laid down on earth while keeping head at south and feet towards north. Lord put Dharamshila on top of Gayasur and took a Gadadhar roop to start Yagya. During Yagya Lord Vishnu with his right leg pressed Gayasur chest. Thus, Vishnu feet imprint was done and is the location where Vishnupad temple is and we offer Pind Daan at the feet of Lord Vishnu.
Vishnupad temple height is 100 feet.
It is believed that Gayasur body is in five kos (one kos = more than 3 km) and head is in one Kos.
Panch kosam gaya chetram, kos ekam gaya sirah
In short Gaya tirth is in 5 kos and since those days the importance of Gaya tirth established.
There are three most important historical locations to offer Pind Daan:
1. Narayan Shila at Haridwar considered as navel of Lord Vishnu.
2. Vishnupad temple at Gaya (feet of Lord Vishnu)
3. Brahma Kapal at Badrinath i.e., Head of Lord Brahma
I question: The importance of Pitr Paksh?
Dr. Mahesh said: During Pitra Paksha we do not invite Pitr to accept Pind Daan. They themselves arrive at Gaya tirth in hope that someone from their family will visit to offer them Pind Daan.
Gaya Shraddha is of 17 days also known as Tripakshiya Shraddha. Though all days are important at Gaya for Pind Daan but
these 17 days are the most important.
It is said after death a person may enter any other yoni out of 84 lac yoni. If one do Shraddha for dead ones the dead person soul enters into God yoni and in peace or else will wander into birth cycle again and again or maybe become ghost.
Jau ka Aata, Kala Til, Madhu, Rodi, Agarbatti, Abeer, Abrak, Panchmewa, Supari, Flowers, Deepak etc etc are pujan samagri. Pind Daan is only done after one year of death date.
Thanks very much. A very useful information. Knowledge enhanced.
And I offer donation for sharing history of Gaya tirth. Thanks again.
Dr. Mahesh also narrated another story about Lord Ram, Goddess Sita and Lord Laxman. While returning from their exile they stop at Gaya tirth to offer Pind Daan in the name of their father Dashrath.
Click to watch the Video to know the story. Similar story was narrated by Dr. Mahesh.
I also met Gautam Kumar Dubey who was very helpful. He is Tirth Purohit for Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal. Gautam said: Maharashtra and Nepal there is only one Tirth Purohit.
Upon query to know more he enhanced our knowledge
There are 360 vedis to offer Pind Daan in Gaya but now-a-days only 45 vedis (including Kunds – Surya Kund, Vaitarni, Sita Kund) are visited in these 17 days. Vishnupad temple was renovated by Queen of Indore – Ahilya Bai Holkar during Eighteen century (1782).
On top of temple there is a gold flag and kalash – total of 51 kg donated by Shree Bal Govind Sen (tirth purohit of Gaya).
Shree Shambhu Lal Vithal (temple committee member) further enhanced knowledge. He said Shree Bal Govind Seth family also donated 50 kg of silver that is around Lord Vishnu feet inside the temple.
Wonderful knowledge. Thanks to all of them. Thanks again.